My connected devices were initially secured using a hash-based message authentication code (HMAC). An HMAC is constructed for each HTTP request directed at a device. The HMAC is created by combining some of the HTTP header elements, the time and date, the body of the request and a secret key / passwd. The output block is then attached to the header of the request and transmitted to the selected device. Upon reception of the request, the device collects the same header information, the time and date, and the body of the message and computes the HMAC using the same secret key / passwd. If the computed HMAC and the one sent with the request match, then the request is fulfilled.
While this protects the device from being compromised and the data being changed, it does nothing to protect the data from being read by prying eyes. At first glance this seems unimportant since the data, inadvertently or intentionally, viewed by others carries little information. For example, why would we care if others know the temperature of some sensor in our home? Why would it matter if someone knows the ringtone loaded in to our doorbell? Why would it matter if others know the setting on our thermostat? Well each on their own might not matter, but with perhaps hundreds of devices in our home we offer up a lot of unprotected data for criminals to conjecture with.
Imagine a criminal mastermind sniffs your unprotected data and learns that your thermostat was just set to 55 degrees and the dog bark ringtone was loaded into your doorbell. In addition, late in the evening the temperature in the home is 55 degrees. It wouldn’t be difficult to conjecture that no one is home. In addition, the dog bark ringtone may lead them to believe that your gone for a while.
This simple example is intended to show that while we might erroneously think that this data does not need to be protected, it does! In addition to protecting the device from intruders using HMAC, the data needs to be encrypted using SSL or other techniques. By securing both, your connected devices and your data you will reduce the chance of having your virtual and physical spaces compromised by criminals.